2.0 Services by Program Activity and Sub-Activity

2.1 Aids to Navigation

The Aids to Navigation program provides marine aids to navigation such as short-range marine aids — including visual aids (fixed aids and buoys), sound aids (fog horns), and radar aids (reflectors and racons) — as well as long-range marine aids, namely the Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS). The program’s services ensure access to a reliable navigation system and support a safe, accessible, and efficient environment for the commercial marine transportation sector, fishers and pleasure craft operators. As such, it is the cornerstone of Canada’s navigation system and provides essential support to many government priorities.

General Commitments

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Initiate the review and update of the methodology for designing and reviewing short-range aids to navigation systems. DG, MS Green

The review and update of the methodology for designing aids to navigation systems was initiated by establishing a national Project team and developing a project plan.

Critical components of the methodology, such as the development of a risk-based cyclical review process, have been completed.

Continue the design and construction of an aids to navigation system for Pangnirtung Harbour, Nunavut. AC, C&A Green All planned work for this fiscal year for the design and construction of an aids to navigation system has been completed.

2.2 Waterways Management Services

Navigability in Canadian waterways is highly influenced by water levels and the bottom condition of shipping channels. The monitoring and maintenance services provided by the Waterways Management program enable CCG to help ensure safe, economical, and efficient movement of ships in Canadian waterways. These services also contribute to the maintenance of specific navigable channels, reduce marine navigation risks, and support environmental protection.

A. Key Initiative

Post-Panamax Study, St. Lawrence River

Objective: To support the transit of Post-Panamax type vessels in the St. Lawrence River shipping channel.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Develop an action plan with a view of implementing recommendations of the risk assessment report on post-Panamax type vessels in the St. Lawrence River shipping channel.


Green An action plan has been prepared. Further to consultations made with stakeholders at the beginning of 2012, we are continuing the development of guidelines with Transport Canada and the Corporation des Pilotes du Saint-Laurent Central in order to ensure the safe transit of Post-Panamax ships during spring 2012 in the St.Lawrence River shipping channel.

2.3 Marine Communications and Traffic Services (MCTS)

By ensuring that an efficient communication system is available 24/7, the Marine Communications and Traffic Services program contributes to the safety of life at sea, the protection of the marine environment, the efficient movement of shipping in waterways, and the provision of essential and accurate information to mariners. Its services are essential to deploying Search and Rescue and Environmental Response teams promptly and effectively to maritime crisis situations. MCTS is, in many situations, the only means by which a ship’s call for assistance can be heard.

A. General Commitment

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Develop an action plan to address recommendations from the workload review. DG, MS Green An action plan was developed to address the recommendations from the workload review. An optimum scheduling pilot was initiated in January 2012 with full implementation on March 12, 2012.

B. Key Initiatives


Objective: Canada is the international coordinator and issuing service for two NAVAREAs in the Arctic for the transmission of navigational warnings to mariners. To initiate the NAVAREA SafeyNET satellite transmission service, in full operational capacity below 76oN in the Arctic.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Initiate the NAVAREA satellite transmission service.


Green The satellite transmission service of navigational safety information for Arctic NAVAREAs was implemented in June 2011.

Marine Communications and Traffic Services Technical Training

Objective: To support the MCTS workforce of about 350 certified Marine Communications and Traffic Services Officers to ensure professional development and adequate recruitment.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Implement the Continuous Proficiency Training (refresher) course for Marine Communications and Traffic Services Officers.

ED, Canadian Coast Guard College (CCGC)

Green Three Continuous Proficiency Training (refresher) courses for MCTS Officers were delivered as planned.

2.4 Icebreaking Services

Given the harsh challenges the extremes of Canadian geography and climate bring to maritime traffic, icebreaking services are essential to ensure that shipping moves safely and efficiently through and around ice-covered waters in Eastern Canada and the Great Lakes throughout the winter, as well as during the summer navigation season in the Arctic. Icebreaking operations facilitate the informed, safe, and timely movement of maritime traffic and contribute to keeping most Canadian ports open for business year-round, thereby preventing flooding on the St. Lawrence River and supporting fishers, the marine industry, and numerous coastal communities.

A. General Commitments

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Amend the Icebreaking Levels of Service, as feasible and appropriate. DG, MS Green Following the approval of the Icebreaker Requirements Agreement with the maritime industry stakeholders, the Levels of Service has been revised as appropriate. The Agreement is to be renewed every 5 years.

2.5 Search and Rescue Services (SAR)

Canada is a maritime nation bounded by three oceans whose population and economy make significant use of waterways for commercial and recreational purposes. The marine environment can be dangerous and CCG is an important player in responding to emergencies that occur on water.

The federal Search and Rescue (SAR) program is a cooperative effort by federal, provincial and municipal governments. CCG’s SAR program leads, delivers, and maintains preparedness for the 5.3 million square kilometre maritime component of the federal SAR system. It does so with the support of multiple stakeholders and partners, including the Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary and National Defence. Through distress monitoring, communication, and search and rescue activities, the CCG SAR program increases the chances of rescue for people caught in dangerous on-water situations.

A. General Commitments

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Start the renewal process for the CCGA Contribution Agreements. DG, MS Green The renewal process for the CCGA contribution agreements is underway. The internal evaluation of the CCGA has been completed and recommendations, such as review and update service standards and performance indicators, will be implemented through the renewal process. A financial analysis of CCGA spending has been completed and presented to the Departmental Evaluation Committee and CCGA, February 2012. A critical path for renewal has been drafted and being implemented.
Complete the work, with our National Defence partner, on software system requirements. DG, MS Green The Coast Guard has provided its software system requirements to National Defence (DND). CCG staff are continuing to support DND in its efforts to renew the national SAR case management system.
Explore and develop options for SAR service delivery in the North. DG, MS Green Coast Guard is working with the DND’s Joint Task Force North to complete a work plan to implement a pilot project to provide Maritime SAR training to Ranger units to support search and rescue missions. The pilot will identify training, equipment and vessel requirements for future Ranger maritime SAR training, if the northern Maritime SAR partnership with DND is approved.
Pilot the introduction of a SAR quality assurance approach. AC, C&A Green SAR quality assurance approach pilot project has been completed in Central & Arctic Region and will continue as part of regular business into the future.

Search and Rescue Needs Analysis

Objective: To assess the SAR resources needed to respond to incidents in the maritime areas for which Canada has accepted responsibility and to validate the existing Levels of Service or propose changes.

CommitmentIn response to...LeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Develop a new SAR needs analysis methodology that includes a risk management framework.


DG, MS Green A draft risk-based analysis of Maritime SAR Delivery methodology has been developed and approved in principle by the Maritime Services Executive Board. The draft methodology, including the Terms of Reference for the process and an illustrative example, will be presented to Management Board in Spring 2012.

Search and Rescue Capability

Objective: To address the most pressing operational human resource requirements to ensure the continuity of our services and to respond to the needs of our employees.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Implement appropriate measures to address issues identified in the workload analysis. DG, MS Green

After the Marine Rescue Sub-Centres are consolidated into the Joint Rescue Coordination Centres at Halifax and Trenton, all three Joint Rescue Coordination Centres will be operating with a minimum of 2 stands, as per the recommendations in the workload analysis. 

However, as the Trenton consolidation is not scheduled to be completed until Spring 2013, the workload study recommendations will be fully implemented in Spring 2013.


2.6 Environmental Response Services

The Canadian Coast Guard is the lead federal agency to ensure an appropriate response to ship-source and mystery-source spills in Canada’s marine environment. Given the amounts of oil and other hazardous materials that are shipped via the marine transportation system, it is critical that the Canadian Coast Guard is ready to respond to marine pollution incidents in Canadian waters to protect coastal communities and Canada’s interests. The objectives of the Environmental Response program are to minimize the environmental, socio-economic, and public safety impacts of marine pollution incidents.

An effective response to marine pollution events requires a high level of preparedness, including appropriate resources, strong partnerships, thoughtful contingency planning, and skilled personnel. The marine pollution response capacity within the Coast Guard is a unique federal capacity not found in other federal departments. Therefore, the Coast Guard may use this unique capacity to support the response mandates of other federal partners such as spills from other sources (e.g. land based spills or offshore platforms) and emergency response events (e.g. Manitoba Floods). In addition, the CCG has mutual aid agreements with other nations, such as the United States Coast Guard and Denmark, which can be utilized in a large scale marine pollution response.

A. General Commitments

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Develop a National Equipment Strategy which will include a life cycle and materiel management approach. DG, MS Yellow In 2011-2012, Coast Guard began an assessment of its environmental response capacity using the Response Organization standards. The results of this project are necessary to inform both a National Equipment Strategy and the CG Investment Plan.
Establish a national approach to environmental response training which will include a national training plan. DG, MS Yellow An Environmental Response Training and Exercising Working Group has been established. A training plan has been drafted and will be submitted for approval to the ER National Management Team in 2012.
Develop training plans for Arctic communities to utilize the environmental response equipment packages they have received. AC, C&A Green Training plans for Arctic communities to utilize the environmental response equipment packages have been developed.

Brigadier General M. G. Zalinski

Objective: To address an oil-pollution threat posed by the wreck of the United States Army transport vessel Brigadier General M. G. Zalinski. This vessel sank in the Grenville Channel in British Columbia in September 1946, entombing a cargo of munitions and an estimated 700 tonnes of fuel. The wreck, which lay largely forgotten, began leaking fuel in 2003.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Review and analyze the results of the integrity assessment in order to determine the potential next steps. AC, Pacific Green The options paper for the Zalinski has been updated based on the new information and an updated Risk and Impact Assessment finalized. Coast Guard will further assess what actions are required, relative to the pollution risk the Zalinski presents, to ensure the marine environment remains protected.

2.7 Maritime Security

Canadians and foreign trading partners expect Canada to have a secure maritime transportation system. To this end, CCG leverages its capabilities, including extensive vessel identification and tracking systems, on-water capabilities and maritime expertise, to make a significant contribution to national and maritime security.

With a clear accountability to deliver activities and information systems that are critical to Canada’s maritime security, CCG will continue to enhance its security contribution to the federal enforcement and intelligence communities. With the Long Range Identification and Tracking system and the Automatic Identification System (new vessel tracking systems) implemented, CCG will continue to focus on ensuring the reliability of these systems and ensure the consistent and dependable flow of information to our partners.

The past five years have seen the establishment of dedicated CCG resources in ongoing maritime security and national security programs. The joint RCMP/CCG Marine Security Enforcement Teams in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway area and a permanent DFO presence in the multi-agency Marine Security Operations Centres represent an evolution for CCG investments in maritime security - from simply enhancing CCG safety-based activities (which provide a subsequent maritime security benefit for partners) to making direct investments in on-going inter-agency maritime security activities.

Marine Security Operations Centres

Objective : To continue to contribute significant data on maritime traffic, including associated on-water activities and analyze this data to support the enhancement of maritime domain awareness on Canada's three coasts and in the St. Lawrence Seaway - Great Lakes area.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Develop a draft National Standard Operating Procedures Manual. DC, Operations Green Templates for Standard Operating Procedures are completed. The National Standard Operating Procedures manual has been developed. Next steps are to validate the procedures and align them with the introduction of software support tools to finalize the first iteration of this document in FY 12/13.
Finalize the Statement of Operational Requirements for software support tools. DC, Operations Green The Statement of Operational Requirements for software support tools is completed. In FY12/13, we will implement several requirements including a Case management/activity logging system as well as a Geographical Interface System to collate CCG data and information.

Automatic Identification System (AIS)

Objective: To enhance Coast Guard’s ability to identify and monitor maritime traffic in near real-time with accurate and detailed information, allowing for an enhanced awareness of vessels approaching and operating in Canadian waters.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Examine the potential for two terrestrial AIS test sites in the Arctic. DG, ITS Green

Assessment of two sites in the Arctic is complete.

One site is fully operational; the plan is to install a second site next fiscal year.

2.8 Fleet Operational Readiness


The Canadian Coast Guard Fleet Operational Readiness (FOR) Program provides safe, reliable, available, and operationally capable vessels, air cushion vehicles, helicopters, and small craft with competent and professional crews ready to respond to on-water and maritime related requirements. The FORprogram includes three program sub-activities: Fleet Operational Capability; Fleet Maintenance and Fleet Procurement. Through the Fleet Operational Readiness program, the CCG ensures that Canada’s civilian fleet meets the current and emerging needs and priorities of Canadians and the Government of Canada.

A. Key Initiatives

Operationalizing New and Replacement Vessels

Objective: To operationalize and support the receipt of vessels. Operationalizing a vessel comprises all of the activities that must take place in the short period of time between delivery from the shipyard to the start of program delivery. It includes such things as transit to its home region, crew familiarization, pre-sailing exercises to respond to routine and emergency situations, fitting the vessel with stores and equipment not provided by the contractor, shore-support familiarization and client and partner exercises.

 CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Mid-shore Patrol Vessels Operationalize and support receipt of the first Mid-Shore Patrol Vessel in C&A Region. AC, C&A White Central & Arctic Region is prepared to operationalize and support receipt of the first Mid-Shore Patrol Vessel. However, the delivery has been delayed and is anticipated in July 2012.
Cape Class Search and Rescue (SAR) 47- foot Motor Lifeboats Operationalize and support receipt of three Cape Class SAR 47-foot motor Lifeboats. AC, Pacific Green Three Cape Class SAR 47-foot motor lifeboats in summer 2011 were received and operationalized.

Human Resources Initiatives

Objective: As a matter of ongoing management, CCG will continue to build on the human resources initiatives that will help us achieve a strengthened, fully integrated, national fleet.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Continue to develop a detailed syllabus for each of the specific certificate modules and begin implementation of the Ships’ Crew Certification Program. DG, Fleet Green Developed syllabus as planned. Awaiting the Transport Canada accreditation process for certification of the developed modules.

2.9 Shore-Based Asset Readiness (Previously Lifecycle Asset Management Services)

The CCG Shore-based Asset Readiness (SBAR) program ensures CCG’s non-fleet assets (worth $1.5 billion) are available and reliable to support delivery of CCG programs. These non-fleet assets include both fixed and floating aids, such as visual aids (e.g. fixed aids and buoys), sound aids (e.g. fog horns), radar aids (e.g. reflectors and beacons) and long-range marine aids, namely the Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) as well as electronic communication and navigation systems and over 300 radio towers. The Shore-based Asset Readiness program ensures availability and reliability of these assets through provision of life-cycle asset management activities such as investment planning, engineering, acquisition, maintenance and disposal services.

A. Key Initiatives

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Publish the Electronics and Informatics Volume of the Engineering Maintenance Manual. DG, ITS Green The document has been completed as planned. It will be available on the ITS intranet by the end of April 2012.
Deliver standardized maintenance plans for shore-based infrastructure in accordance with the evaluation of the risk for navigation. DG, ITS Yellow Draft standardized maintenance plans for remaining shore based infrastructure assets have been developed but have not been finalized yet.
Implement standardized maintenance plans for selected shore-based infrastructure in accordance with the evaluation of the risk for navigation. ACs Green The standardized maintenance plans developed for the selected shore-based infrastructure have been implemented in the regions.

Loran-C Infrastructure Removal

Objective: To remove the infrastructure and conducting environmental assessments of five transmitting sites.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Commence removal of the Loran-C equipment and towers, secure the remaining infrastructure and undertake environmental assessments at the transmitting sites.

AC, Pacific



A Contract was awarded for Tower Removal in Newfoundland at Fox Harbour and Halon removal for all three Loran Stations.

Contracts for tower removal have been awarded in Pacific as well and work has commenced for both Port Hardy and Williams Lake. Both towers have been destacked.

The conduct of environmental assessments completed by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada-Canadian Coast Guard in accordance with the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) and regulations has been undertaken.

Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) Compliance Management System

Objective: The implementation of a national HSE Compliance Management System for all CCG shore-based operations.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Seek approval of the multi-year strategy to implement the national HSE Compliance Management System.


DC, Operations

Green The HSE implementation plan has been presented to and endorsed by ITS, Fleet and MS executive boards, and CCG Management Board.
Commence the development of HSE products to address high priority HSE gaps and risks. DG, ITS Green The Health, Safety and Environmental Compliance Management System Manual is completed to support the implementation of the HSE Compliance Management System in 2012-13. As well, the CCG’s Management Board endorsed the development of a national Health, Safety, Security and Environmental Policy for maritime and shore-based operations which will replace the Fleet Safety, Security and Environmental Policy Statement.

Technical Solution Centres (Electronics)

Objective: Maintaining services provided to the MCTS program.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Further develop the regions’ remote monitoring and repair capabilities of the TSC. DG, ITS Green All regions have implemented remote network-based reset capabilities to restore failed devices to service. Implementation of regional and national remote service monitoring capability for INNAV and AIS will continue over the next fiscal year as planned.

2.10 Canadian Coast Guard College

The Canadian Coast Guard College is the main operational and technical training facility for CCG. Its mission is to train and develop marine professionals in support of CCG-mandated programs in marine safety, security, and environmental protection. As CCG’s training centre of expertise, the College delivers quality, bilingual maritime training and services.

The College offers core national educational programs in four streams: CCG Officer Training Program and continued technical training for seagoing personnel, Marine Communications and Traffic Services, Electronics and Informatics Technical Training, and Rescue, Safety, and Environmental Response.

A. Key Initiatives

Objective: Protect asset integrity of training systems and simulators to ensure an optimal training environment at the Canadian Coast Guard College.

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Develop a life-cycle asset management framework for the Canadian Coast Guard College to ensure asset availability.

ED, College


Green The maintenance requirements for the operational systems installed at the college have been documented as per life-cycle asset management practice.

2.11 International Activities

The safety, security and sustainability of the three oceans that border Canada are in part the responsibility of the CCG. That said, much of what happens in the marine environment globally can have an impact on our environment. For this and other reasons, the CCG, through its program and service delivery, attends several international meetings and is involved in a number of joint training exercises. By working closely with many related organizations, the CCG advances our common objectives of marine safety and security. Sharing best practices and providing expert advice to foreign governments on coast guard operational issues is vital to ensuring the health and safety of the world’s oceans.

A. General Commitments

CommitmentLeadCriteriaResults Achieved / Status
Attend the North Atlantic Coast Guard Forum (NACGF) Experts Meeting in La Rochelle, France. AC, NL Green

The Assistant Commissioner NL and a delegation attended the NACGF and participated in working groups on Search & Rescue, Environmental Response and Maritime Security. Agreement was reached on sharing operational procedures and best practices to ensure safety, security & protection of the environment.

Canada led the Environmental Response working group focusing on new technologies.

Participate in the North Pacific Coast Guard Forum Multi-mission, Multi-lateral Exercise (MMEX) in Hawaii. AC, Pacific Green

CCG participated in a joint multi-mission, multi-lateral exercise (MMEX) in 2011 in Hawaii as part of Canada’s commitment to the NPCGF to share best practices and build collaborative procedures in areas of overlapping interest and jurisdiction. The exercise was based on a response to a major pollution event imagined off the coast of environmentally sensitive Midway Island, in which one of the vessels involved was suspected of carrying illegal migrants

The objectives of the exercise were for partners to organize and execute a coordinated response to the major pollution incident and work together to investigate the presence of illegal migrants on one of the vessels by following established international protocols. The exercise objectives were met.

Attend the NACGF Summit in Brest, France. Commissioner Green The Deputy Commissioner attended the NACGF Summit in September 2011.
Attend the NPCGF Summit in Yokohama, Japan. Commissioner Green

The Commissioner headed a multi-sector Canadian delegation to the NPCGF Summit meeting in Yokohama, Japan, in September 2011, during which Canada committed to undertake aircraft patrols as its contribution to multi-national enforcement of illegal fishing in the North Pacific, share maritime security best practices, and contribute to the needs of the Emergency Response Working Group.

Canada was commended for its leadership in a number of areas, and the initiatives and suggestions contributed to positive operational collaboration in the North Pacific.

As part of NPCGF Experts Meeting, the AC Pacific headed a multi-sector Canadian delegation to the NPCGF Experts meeting in Xiamen, China, in March 2012, during which Canada committed to participate in the NPCGF MMEX in Korea in August of 2012 including a briefing on Pacific Region’s CASTRACK system at the exercise, draft a paper on exchange of information through NPCGAS, draft a maritime security scenario for MMEX 2013, and draft a Terms of Reference and a joint intelligence Collection Plan aimed at establishing a common threat assessment for the North Pacific.

Work done by Canada significantly contributed to advancing the goals of the Forum.

Continue to provide a web platform for the North Atlantic Coast Guard Forum. AC, NL Green Continuing to support the NACGF web page.